US Gov't Agencies
Lehigh Valley Corrections
Probation and Parole
War on Drugs
US Gov't Agencies
Lehigh Valley Corrections
Probation and Parole
War on Drugs
This is a brief resource list on U.S. prisons, criminal justice, and restorative justice issues and public policy.
Faith-Based Resources on Criminal Justice and Restorative Justice
Mennonite Central Committee (MCC)
- Mennonite Central Committee U.S. - Office on Justice and Peacebuilding
21 South 12th Street, P0 Box 500, Akron, PA 17501
Phone: (717) 859-1152
includes educational resources on Crime and Justice and Mennonite Mediation Service.
- Mennonite Central Committee U.S. Washington Office
920 Pennsylvania Ave, SE
Washington, DC 20003
Phone: (202) 544-6564
Monitors U.S. public policy for its impact on MCC’s domestic and international relief, development and
Other Faith-Based Resources
- United Methodist General Board of Church and Society
The Washington Office (addresses public policy issues on criminal justice)
100 Maryland Ave N.E.
Washington, DC 20002
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Bill Mefford)
Web: www.umc-gbcs.org -- then, search for criminal and restorative justice.
- American Friends Service Committee
1501 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102
Phone: (215) 241-7000
-- then, search for criminal justice issues.
- From Harm to Healing (Quaker Action: Summer 2013)
several articles on alternatives to the current prison system
- Profiteering on Prisons - recording of July 17, 2013 webinar (61 min.).
- The AFSC "Stopmax" campaign seeks to end solitary confinement in U.S. prisons.
Prisons, Jails, and the Criminal Justice
- Amnesty International:
Promotes human rights and campaigns against specific human rights abuses. In 2005, Amensty International(AI) reported
that there were 2,225 child offenders serving life without parole (LWOP) sentences in U.S prisons
for crimes committed before they were age 18.
Search Amnesty website for other information on U.S. prisons and torture in U.S. military prisons.
- American Bar Association
ABA Justice Kennedy Commission report (2004).
Kennedy Commission Fact Sheet
The report identifes a number of factors that have contributed to a steady increase in incarceration rates without any significant improvement crime rates or public safety. The report includes recommendations on punishment, incarceration, sentencing, clemency, and restoration of rights, as well as racial disparity in the criminal justice system and prison conditions.
- Google: Crime Rates
U.S. Crime Rates (1960-2006)
- Journey for Justice
Prison Fact sheet (pdf).
- Human Rights Watch
Drug Arrests and Racial Disparity
Table1718.pdf on drug use and arrests.
- Mother Jones
"Debt to Society":
A special report (July 10, 2001) on the real cost of prisons.
This resource includes commentary on a number of prison issues, including state by state charts and statistics. (However, it has not been updated since 2001.)
- National Institute of Corrections
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Justice,
Federal Bureau of Prisons, whose Director is appointed by the U.S. Attorney General.
NIC provides training, technical assistance, information services, and policy/program development
assistance to federal, state, and local corrections agencies.
- November Coalition
graphs of prison statistics.
The November Coalition provides educational resources about drug-related incarceration that began
with President Nixon's "War on Drugs". The November Coalition seeks to show that current policis of
the U.S. drug war are unnecessary and counter-productive. They also advocate for "drug war prisoners".
- New York Times
Racial disparity in drug arrest rates.
- The Pew Center on the States
The Public Safety Performance Project includes prison/criminal justice data for Pennsylvania.
Recommends changes in corrections programs and sentencing laws to avoid further prison expansion.
- Philadelphia Enquirer: Apr. 21, 2008
- Prison Society
U.S. 1/143 in prison; England, France, Germany and Italy: about 1/1000
- Prisoners of the Census
- U.S. Census Bureau statistics
Crime Rates in the U.S.
Provides on-line statistics for state and federal prison inmates by type of offense (among many other topics).
- Prison Policy Initiative
graphs comparing Pennsylvania's mental hospital population with
PPI web page includes research reports and statistics on a number of prison-related issues, including juvenile
justice abuses, the adverse consequences of current U.S. Census policies,
PPI's on-line book The Prison Index:
Taking the Pulse of the Crime Control Industry (2003), also
Pa. mental hospitals vs. prisons (1981-2003)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Provides information and statistics on U.S. illicit drug use, drug abuse prevention, and drug abuse treatment.
- Vera Institute of Justice - extensive resources on Ending Mass Incarceration and related topics..
- World Prison rates (map) wikipedia
of incarceration rates. [Gray areas on the map mean no data available].
Capital Punishment (Death Penalty)
- Death Penalty Curriculum
Resource for high school education, including extensive information and statistics on capital punishment.
Curriculum and website were developed at Michigan State University with support of the Death Penalty Information Center.
- Death Penalty Information Center
- Amnesty International
Resources on death penalty issues and abolition.
- Sr. Helen Prejean
Sr. Prejean, author of "Dead Man Walking" and other publications on the death penalty, is an articulate
opponent of capital punishment.
Pennsylvania Death Row
- Pennsylvania Department of Corrections: Death Penalty
Pennsylvania death penalty statistics, death row inmates, death warrants, and executions.
Since 1962 there have been three executions in Pennsylvania: Keith Zettlemoyer and Leon Moser in 1995, and
Gary Heidnik in 1999. There are 200 death row inmates inmates in Pennsylvania as of November 2012.
Also, six men have been exonerated from death row.
- Terrance Williams was scheduled for execution on Oct. 3, 2012, but a Philadelphia judge issued a stay of execution, and the Pennsylvania Supreme Court agreed to review the case.
See www.terrywilliamsclemency.com for more about the Williams case.
US Government Agencies
- U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics
prison statistics (2010)
- Federal Bureau of Prison (BOP):
BOP has statistics of prisoners and detainees dating back to 1982. You can search for a detainee by inmate number,
name or INS number. The results will provide you with the exact location of the detainee (if in a BOP facility),
their inmate number, INS number, full name, age, race and gender.
- Human Rights Reports:
- Internet Law Library:
- U.S. Census Bureau:
You will find statistics on the U.S. population including the foreign born.
The Library of Congress’s site for information on Congressional legislation, past and pending
- House of Representatives:
Links to websites of members of Congress
- House Judiciary Committee
Contains testimony from Subcommittee Hearings
- U.S. Senate:
Links to Websites of Senators
- The White House:
Presidential Statements and text of press conferences
Lehigh Valley Corrections
Other County resources:
Fines, Court Costs, and Restitution
Probation and Parole Reform
Evidence-Based Reentry Programs
- Fair Shake Reentry Resource Center -
Wisconsin-based national resource center specifically for people returning from jail or prison. FairShake includes many educational / self-help resources of interest to returning citizens as well as a directory of local and state agencies. (EMI and partners are working on how to gather more detailed and current information about Lehigh Valley reentry resources and how to keep it updated on the Fair Shake database.)
- PA Department of Corrections - Interactive Reentry Services Map
- Lehigh County - Community Corrections Center, 1600 Riverside Dr., Bethlehem 18015.
This facility affords sentenced individuals varied prescriptive rehabilitative programs, as well as the opportunity to enter the community for work, to perform community service work, and to utilize community-based resources, under structured parameters. The Community Corrections Center also needs mentors to guide and assist residents through the reentry process.
- Pinebrook Family Answers - Forensic Serivces
- Allentown office: 402 North Fulton St. 610-432-3919
- Easton office: 1101 Northampton St., Suite #201
- Lazarus House - housing program for people leaving incarceration in Lehigh, Northampton, and Berks Counties. The Lazarus House program is managed by the Lehigh Conference of Churches.
- Lancaster Re-entry Coalition. (Lancaster Community Action Partnership has replaced Lancaster County RMO as the Lancaster reentry contract agency.) Also see "Three nonprofits end services for inmates as Lancaster County considers for-profit Geo Group" (April 23, 2018) and "Churches rally around Reentry Management Organization as Anti-Recidivism Program Ends" (April 27, 2018).
- Healing Communities Program
- National Reentry Resource Center - many resources and publications related to reentry.
- Reentry Central is a national website for news and information on the subject of reentry and related criminal justice issues (requires $35 annual subscription to access news stories).
Services Provided by Private For-Profit Vendors
The effect of traumatic experiences on behavior is a relatively new field of study, but it has profound implications for how to effectively deal with children or adults who are disruptive or otherwise dysfunctional. A child who is exposed to trauma (such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse; parents divorced, parent in jail) is much more likely
to end up with behavioral problems, substance abuse, violence, and jail if there is not appropriate intervention.
Law enforcement, corrections, and court staff, as well as educators and social service providers need appropriate training in trauma-informed practices to effectively assist people who have experienced significant trauma.
- Trauma and Resilience (United Way, Greater Lehigh Valley) - Overview of Trauma Informed Practices and ACES (Adverse Childhood Experiences).
Wikipedia -- the online encyclopedia
Immigration Resources: efpjc.ppjr.org/immigra.htm
Links to extensive resources (Pennsylvania and U.S.)
Note: Relatively few immigrants are in U.S. prisons (immigrant crime rates are well below the U.S. average),
but about 30,000 immigrants are held in detention centers on any given day -- men, women, and children.